In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth. The labiodental consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are:
- [ɱ] is an allophone of /m/ that occurs before /v/ and /f/.
- The stops (the plosives and the nasal ɱ) are not confirmed to exist as separate phonemes in any language. They are sometimes written as (qp and db monograms).
- This applies only to the XiNkuna dialect of Tsonga where it is a separate phoneme (with aspirated and unaspirate allophones in free variation. Please note these differ from the German bilabial-labiodental affricate which commences with a bilabial p.
- Again, found only in the XiNkuna dialect.
- Varies considerably between dialects. In some cases it's similar to the velar fricative [x].
labiodental in Arabic: أسناني شفوي
labiodental in Bengali: দন্তৌষ্ঠ্য ব্যঞ্জনধ্বনি
labiodental in Breton: Kensonenn gweuz-dent
labiodental in Czech: Labiodentální souhláska
labiodental in German: Labiodental
labiodental in Spanish: Consonante labiodental
labiodental in Esperanto: Labial-dentalo
labiodental in French: Consonne labio-dentale
labiodental in Korean: 순치음
labiodental in Italian: Consonante labiodentale
labiodental in Latvian: Labiodentāls līdzskanis
labiodental in Japanese: 唇歯音
labiodental in Norwegian: Labiodentaler
labiodental in Polish: Spółgłoska wargowo-zębowa
labiodental in Portuguese: Consoante labiodental
labiodental in Romanian: Consoană labiodentală
labiodental in Russian: Губно-зубные согласные
labiodental in Swedish: Labiodental konsonant
labiodental in Tamil: இதழ்பல் மெய்
labiodental in Chinese: 唇齒音